The Terezin Hungarian small fortress was built in the late 18th century as a fortress to protect Bohemia. Peaceful looking Terezin today belies it’s recent tragic history. From 1940-1945, the Terezin small fortress was used as a police prison by the Prague Gestapo, and the town of Terzin was transformed into a concentration camp. When you visit this historic World War II site you learn of the thousands who died in the deplorable prison and the more than 140,000 Jewish prisoners transported from Terezin to Auschwitz and other Nazi death camps. This prison was a “working” prison which meant everyone had to work hard. If you couldn’t work you were transported to Auschwitz. This meant most of the transporters were women and children. Many of the prisoners who remained at Terezin died as well, mainly due to disease spread by lice, such as typhus. Visiting here is an extremely sobering experience.